The European Fee is to sue Poland, Hungary and the Czech Republic on the European Courtroom of Justice (ECJ) for refusing to soak up asylum seekers.
The commission, the EU’s executive body, accused the three countries of “non-compliance with their authorized obligations on relocation”.
The Luxembourg-based ECJ might impose heavy fines.
A relocation plan was launched by the EU in 2015 in response to a big inflow of migrants and refugees.
The transfer was an try to alleviate strain on Greece and Italy the place the overwhelming majority of migrants had been arriving.
Nonetheless, the Czech Republic has accepted solely 12 of the two,000 asylum-seekers it had been designated, whereas Hungary and Poland have acquired none.
The fee launched infringement procedures in opposition to the three states in June and warned them final month that additional motion was doubtless.
“The replies acquired had been once more discovered not passable and three international locations have given no indication that they are going to contribute to the implementation of the relocation determination,” a press release stated.
“That is why, the fee has determined to maneuver to the subsequent stage of the infringement process and refer the three member states to the courtroom of justice of the EU.”
Following Thursday’s announcement, Czech Prime Minister Andrej Babis advised the BBC his nation would proceed to oppose the relocation scheme.
He stated the quota system had fuelled anti-migrant sentiment and performed into the arms of the far proper.
Poland’s Deputy Overseas Minister Konrad Szymanski additionally stated his authorities was “able to defend its place within the courtroom”.
In 2015 EU states agreed to relocate 160,000 asylum-seekers between them based mostly on the dimensions and wealth of every nation, nevertheless, Romania, the Czech Republic, Slovakia and Hungary voted in opposition to accepting obligatory quotas.
Hungary’s right-wing authorities is trying to move a better schooling regulation that might shut the Central European College, based by financier and philanthropist George Soros.
Mr Soros has a strained relationship with Hungarian Prime Minister Viktor Orban.
The fee stated Hungary’s schooling regulation “disproportionally restricts EU and non-EU universities of their operations and must be introduced again in keeping with EU regulation”.
Hungary additionally precipitated controversy in June when it handed laws forcing non-governmental organisations to declare themselves “foreign-funded”.
The commission said the laws “indirectly discriminate and disproportionately prohibit donations from overseas to civil society organisations”.