Battle Armament Analysis deployed a crew of area investigators throughout ISIS frontline positions in each Iraq and Syria between July 2014 and November 2017, and analyzed greater than 40,000 gadgets recovered from ISIS forces.
Researchers deployed with native forces preventing ISIS, primarily Iraqi authorities forces in Iraq and Kurdish forces in northern Syria, and studied every little thing recovered or left behind by ISIS in liberated areas.
The gadgets recovered encompassed every little thing from weapons, ammunition in addition to chemical elements procured by the phobia group to fabricate improvised explosive units (IEDs) for use on the battlefield.
In accordance with the report, the unauthorized switch of munitions that had been initially meant to learn teams preventing in an already chaotic and violent surroundings ultimately discovered their method to ISIS.
“Repeatedly, states that search to perform short-term political targets provide weapons to teams over whom they exert little to no management,” stated James Bevan, the chief director of Battle Armament Analysis. “These weapons usually gravitate to probably the most organized and efficient insurgent and rebel forces.”
Whereas 90% of the weapons and ammunition studied originated in China, Russia, Japanese Europe, the report additionally stated a number of the weapons that had been ultimately diverted to ISIS was initially offered by the US and Saudi Arabia to Syrian opposition forces over the course of the battle.
The report concluded that “worldwide weapons provides to factions within the Syrian battle have considerably augmented the amount and high quality of weapons obtainable to ISIS forces — in numbers far past those who would have been obtainable to the group by battlefield seize alone.”
On the identical time, the report additionally discovered situations the place weapons deployed by ISIS had been discovered to have been diverted from stockpiles in different battle areas resembling Libya and moved on to Iraq and Syria.
Damien Spleeters, the lead creator of the report, stated one other troubling takeaway is that ISIS “has been in a position to manufacture their very own weapons and IED’s on an industrial scale due to a strong chain of provide” that started in 2014.
Whereas most of the chemical precursors for these weapons had been both manufactured by the identical manufacturing facility, or provided by the identical distributor — primarily in Turkey — Spleeters stated these distributors serviced many consumers, many doubtless promoting merchandise to intermediaries who in the end labored with ISIS. That allowed the phobia group was in a position to keep a strong provide chain of weapons.
With ISIS already having misplaced its two fundamental ‘capitals’ of Mosul and Raqqa together with different territory it as soon as held in Iraq and Syria, the report discovered the group nonetheless possesses heavier weaponry resembling a complicated anti-tank guided weapons and different heavy armor gear together with subtle explosives that also pose a hazard to US and coalition forces battling the group.
A lot of the weapons and ammunition procured by ISIS was discovered to have been manufactured throughout the final decade and delivered to the area for the reason that starting of the Syrian civil warfare in 2011.
And with harmful and chaotic conflicts persevering with all through numerous places within the Center East and Africa, the provision chain of weapons is prone to stay an necessary focus within the years forward.
“The principle drivers of illicit weapons provides will not be the businesses and states that manufacture weapons” the report stated, “however the governments and entities that purchase weapons lawfully and subsequently divert them to unauthorized customers.”