A group of four young trainee nurses including male and female nurses, walk away from camera down a hospital corridor. They are wearing UK nurse uniforms of trousers and tunics.

Picture copyright

Picture caption

Consultants say England doesn’t but produce sufficient home-grown workers for the NHS to fulfill necessities with out employees from overseas

The proportion of EU nationals leaving jobs within the NHS is rising, whereas the share of these becoming a member of is shrinking.

The BBC analysed NHS Digital figures, which confirmed the development in England over the previous two-and-a-half years.

Well being consultants say the UK’s determination to depart the European Union in June 2016 was behind the development.

The Division of Well being says new language necessities for EU nurses might have performed a component.

The evaluation comes days after the Care High quality Fee (CQC) stated the well being system was “straining on the seams” and confronted a “precarious” future, highlighting staff shortages and rising vacancy rates.

What do the figures present?

Within the final full yr earlier than the referendum – 2015 – there have been 7,535 EU nationals who left NHS Trusts, making up 5.6% of employees of all nationalities leaving their jobs.

The next yr, EU nationals accounted for six.6% of all leavers, and within the first six months of this yr, they made up 7.four%.

The sample was repeated in 80 NHS Trusts out of 240 throughout England.

The proportion of EU workers becoming a member of fell over the identical interval. In 2015 EU nationals made up 10% of recent joiners. Within the first six months of 2017, they accounted for eight.2%.

That development was mirrored in 62 trusts.

Danny Mortimer, co-convenor of the Cavendish Coalition, which represents well being and social care organisations, stated: “This evaluation begins to verify anecdotal tales we’re listening to from our members, particularly within the South East.

“Our members do not feel capable of recruit in large numbers.

“There are sensible challenges just like the alternate charge [between the pound and the euro] is weak – and the variety of individuals selecting to depart is rising.”

The development was extra pronounced when focussing solely on nurses. Within the yr earlier than the vote, EU nurses made up 7.6% of all of the nurses leaving nationally, rising to 11.5% within the first six months of 2017.

Virtually one in 5 nurses, 6,299 out of 34,595, becoming a member of the NHS in 2015 got here from different EU member states. Within the first six months of 2017 this had fallen to only one in 10 newly-recruited nurses.

One supply advised the BBC of no less than one NHS belief that had deserted a recruitment honest on the continent because of poor response charges.

The Common Medical Council surveyed more than 2,000 doctors from the European Economic Area (EEA) in February and of the 60% who stated they had been considering of leaving the UK in some unspecified time in the future sooner or later, 9 in 10 stated the UK’s determination to depart the EU was an element of their issues.

Janet Davies, chief government of the Royal Faculty of Nursing, stated: “A nurse who educated in Lyon or Lisbon is as a lot part of the NHS household as one educated in London. However sadly, it’s no shock that so many are leaving – few can dwell with the uncertainty.

“Through the Brexit negotiations, [Prime Minister] Theresa Might should reassure nurses from round Europe that they’re wanted and welcome within the NHS. It might not survive with out their contribution.”

Total, the NHS says there are round three,200 extra EU nationals working within the NHS than on the time of the referendum, as the dimensions of the well being service continues to develop.

Over the identical interval, there was a slight discount of 162 nurses, which it suggests could also be all the way down to the Nursing and Midwifery Council introducing new language necessities in January 2016, making it harder to be eligible for employment.

However our evaluation exhibits the expansion is slowing. The year-on-year proportion enhance within the EU workforce dropped from 16.eight% in 2015 to 2.7% within the first six months of 2017.

Consultants say England doesn’t but produce sufficient home-grown workers for the NHS to fulfill staffing necessities with out employees from overseas, though the federal government desires to make the nation “self-sufficient” in training doctors and create thousands more nursing training places to spice up the home workforce.

The Commons Well being Choose Committee beforehand began to take evidence on the implications of Brexit however postponed its inquiry when the snap Common Election was referred to as for June 2017.

Well being Secretary Jeremy Hunt had advised the committee the federal government had stopped wanting publishing its personal evaluation as a result of “the publication of what is perhaps referred to as the worst-case state of affairs might itself have an effect on negotiations”.

Dr Andrew Dearden, the treasurer of the British Medical Affiliation, stated: “We all know that Brexit has already had a huge effect on the morale of EU NHS workers working right here. Our personal analysis has proven us that greater than 4 in ten EU NHS workers are contemplating leaving the UK following the EU referendum outcome.”

A spokeswoman for the Division of Well being stated: “There are three,193 extra EU nationals working within the NHS than on the time of the referendum — now we have been completely clear that these workers play an important position within the NHS and need to see their glorious work proceed lengthy after the UK leaves the EU.

“Nevertheless, we recognise the NHS additionally wants extra home-grown workers, so we’ll be coaching an additional 1,500 docs and 10,000 nurses, midwives and allied well being professionals a yr by 2020 to make sure the NHS has the workforce it wants each now and sooner or later.”

Picture copyright

Picture caption

Well being secretary Jeremy Hunt has promised extra coaching locations for home-grown docs and nurses

Throughout the UK

In Wales, the proportion of EU nationals leaving the NHS was 2.5% the yr earlier than the referendum, rising to three.5% in 2015-16 when the vote befell. It has since returned to three%.

Neither NHS Scotland or The Division of Well being in Northern Eire data the nationality of leavers and joiners.

Extra about this story

The Shared Knowledge Hub makes knowledge journalism obtainable to information organisations throughout the media trade, as a part of a partnership between the BBC and the News Media Association.

For extra data on methodology, click here. For the complete dataset, click here.

The figures don’t embrace knowledge for GPs and apply workers or Medical Commissioning Teams, and concern headcount fairly than full-time equal posts.